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Coal fact sheet

Year Level(s) Years 3-6 Years 7-10 Years 11-12
Subject Area(s) Engineering Technology Geography Science SOSE General Science Earth & Environmental Science
Topic(s) Coal & Low Emission Technology Energy Geology / Mineral Formation Mining Rocks & Minerals Non-Renewable Energy Underground Mining Minerals Processing
Resource Type Fact Sheet
Publish Date 28th Jan 2010

This fact sheet describes how coal is formed, mined, processed and used. Diagrams illustrate the formation of coal, from early plant material to the hardest black coal. Statistics relating to Queensland coal mining are included.

Educational value statement

  • Explains coal formation, underground and open-cut mining, coal processing and uses for coal.
  • Includes a table showing the income from coal exported from Queensland ports to other countries.
  • Can be downloaded as a PDF or MSWord file.

Key learning objectives

  • Students describe the stages in the formation of coal
  • Students describe the main methods of mining and processing coal
  • Students describe the main uses of coal, including generating electricity.


  • Science Understanding: Earth and space sciences; Physical sciences
  • (Geographical knowledge and understanding: Environment)

Australian Curriculum content statements
Science: ACSSU153 (8); ACHGK051 (8); ACSES071 (11/12); ACSES074(11/12)

Coal fact sheet - word version

    File Type
    File Size
    1 MB

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