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Rock Back in Time Interactive

Year Level(s) Years 3-6 Years 7-10
Subject Area(s) Geography Science SOSE Earth & Environmental Science
Topic(s) Geology / Mineral Formation Rocks & Minerals

The Minerals Council of Australia is acknowledged as the provider of this resource.

In this learning object, users choose a rock sample and find out how it was formed millions of years ago. For example, how coal was formed in a swampy forest. Explore the Earth’s surface at the time when the rock formed. Look at maps, landscapes, living things and environments. Compare temperatures and sea levels with those of today. Explore how geological forces are changing the Earth’s surface. This learning object is one in a series of three objects.

Educational value statement

  • Models changes to the Earth’s surface over geological time and relates them to plate tectonics.
  • Includes numerous maps showing geological features of the Australian continent at geologically small time intervals (around 10 million years).
  • Contains illustrations and descriptions of environments and living things belonging to each geological period or era.
  • Enables students to compare time zones and record sea levels and temperatures.
  • Illustrates continental drift resulting from plate movements.
  • Contains detailed information about geological time, plate tectonics and ancient environments.
  • Includes a glossary and challenge questions.

Key learning objectives

  • Students explore changes in the Australian landmass, environments and living things over the last 545 million years.
  • Students compare climatic conditions and sea levels over geological time.
  • Students relate geological changes in the Earth’s surface to plate tectonics.
  • Students identify major periods in the geological time scale.


  • Science/Natural and processed materials
  • Science/Science inquiry skills
  • Science/Science understanding.

Australian Curriculum content statements (explicit)
Science: ACSSU153; ACSIS144

Australian Curriculum content statements (implicit or able to be connected)
Science: ACSSU116; ACSIS129


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