Copper is a metal which is mined from the earth and used for
a number of different purposes. It was formed as a result of
volcanic activity which resulted in large masses of molten
rock and hot water cooling and then solidifying into copper
compounds. This fact sheet provides information about copper
and its extraction. It describes the properties and uses of
copper, formation of copper ore bodies, mining and
processing, and the management of associated environmental
- Includes descriptions of both underground and open-cut
- Explains concentration of the ore by froth flotation, as
well smelting and refining of copper metal.
- Relates the properties of copper to its uses
- Includes some representative statistics about copper in
- Includes a table listing environmental impacts of copper
production and describing how each impact is managed.
- Can be downloaded as a MS Word file.
- Students explain how the uses of copper are influenced by
- Students describe the processes involved in the
extraction of copper from its ores
- Students list some environmental impacts of copper
extraction and explain how they can be managed.
- Science Understanding: Chemical sciences; Earth and space
- Science as a Human Endeavour: Use and influence of