Coal Seam Gas fact sheet


Coal & Low Emission Technology


Type of Resource

Fact Sheet

Year Level

Years 7-10





Energy & Renewables

Resources for

Students & Teachers

Australian Curriculum Content Statements


Coal Seam Gas (CSG) is typically around 97% pure methane which is a gas formed millions of years ago as part of the burial of peat to form coal. CSG can be captured for use as an energy source for power generation or it can be processed into liquefied natural gas (LNG) for export and use worldwide.

In this fact sheet information about how coal seam gas is extracted and used is provided. It identifies the advantages and disadvantages of the industry, describes some coal seam gas operations in Queensland, includes photographs and a map showing projects in the Surat basin. Also includes links to more information on water management and other statutory requirements.

Educational value statement

  • Deal with the advantages of and issues around coal seam gas extraction.
  • Includes data about coal seam gas reserves in Queensland.
  • Can be downloaded as a PDF file.

Key learning objectives

  • Students explain the composition and formation of coal seam gas.
  • Students describe how coal seam gas is extracted, distributed and used as a fuel.
  • Students describe the advantages and disadvantages associated with using coal seam gas as a fuel
  • Students explain how coal seam gas can contribute to finding solutions for increased greenhouse gas emissions.


  • Science Understanding: Earth and space sciences
  • Science as a Human Endeavour: Use and influence of science
  • (Geographical knowledge and understanding: Environment).