Geothermal Energy fact sheet



Type of Resource

Fact Sheet

Year Level

Years 11-12




Energy & Renewables

Resources for

Students & Teachers

Australian Curriculum Content Statements


Geothermal is considered a form of renewable energy as heat is continuously produced from deep in the earth. This fact sheet provides information about geothermal energy in Australia. It describes the origin of geothermal energy, the types of resources available, how the energy is extracted, the potential for geothermal energy and the advantages and disadvantages of this resource.

Educational value statement

  • Provides details of geothermal energy resources in Australia and their development.
  • Includes a table listing advantages and disadvantages of geothermal energy.
  • Includes a map showing crustal temperatures in Australia.
  • Can be downloaded as a PDF or MS Word file

Key learning objectives

  • Students differentiate between renewable and non-renewable energy resources
  • Students explain the origin of geothermal energy
  • Students describe the types of geothermal energy resources.
  • Students explain how geothermal energy is tapped and harnessed.
  • Students list advantages and disadvantages of geothermal energy systems.


  • Science Understanding: Earth and space sciences; Physical sciences
  • Science as a Human Endeavour: Use and influence of science